For Immediate Release
January 5, 2012
Contact:VNA Community Relations
Hepatitis B Vaccinations Now Recommended
for Individuals with Diabetes
Oak Park, Mich.--Individuals between the ages of 19 and 59 with type 1 or type 2 diabetes should now be vaccinated for hepatitis B if they have not previously received the vaccine, according to recently published recommendations by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Individuals age 60 and older with diabetes may be vaccinated at the discretion of their health care provider.
The new recommendations come after an Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) study of 29 hepatitis B outbreaks in long term care facilities since 1996. Among the findings, the study revealed the odds of an individual developing the hepatitis B infection was 2.1 times greater than someone without diabetes.
“People with diabetes are at increased risk for the hepatitis B virus,” said Kay Renny, RN, manager of corporate health services and immunizations for Visiting Nurse Association of Southeast Michigan. “A person can become infected through a small, even invisible amount of blood left on shared medical equipment or glucose monitoring devices.”
The hepatitis B virus causes inflammation of the liver, vomiting and jaundice and is transmitted to individuals via blood or fluids contaminated by blood. A chronic infection can eventually cause non-alcoholic cirrhosis and liver cancer. In the United States, an estimated 700,000 to 1.4 million persons are infected with hepatitis B.
“The vaccination series consists of three doses of vaccine administered by an injection in the upper arm,” said Renny. “The first dose is followed by a second dose one month after the first, and the third is administered six months after the first injection.”
Hepatitis B vaccinations may be available from your health care provider. If your health care provider does not provide vaccinations, they are available at Visiting Nurse Association of Southeast Michigan’s Oak Park office (25900 Greenfield Road, suite 600). VNA accepts many different insurances. Call (248) 967-8755 for an appointment.
Visiting Nurse Association of Southeast Michigan is the largest, independent, non-profit home health care and hospice organization serving residents of Southeast Michigan. VNA also provides corporate health services and immunizations to residents in Wayne, Oakland and Macomb counties. VNA follows the guidelines established by the CDC for its immunization practices.
About the ACIP: The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) consists of 15 experts in fields associated with immunization, who have been selected by the Secretary of the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services to provide advice and guidance to the Secretary, the Assistant Secretary for Health, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on the control of vaccine-preventable diseases.
Source of ACIP recommendations: December 23, 2011issue of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Mortality and Morbidity Report at this link: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6050a4.htm